Rajasthan is renowned worldwide for its magnificent forts which are great examples of the Rajput heritage. The Rajputs were very creative builders, and almost every city in Rajasthan has wonderful forts built by them. These forts provide the tourists a unique presentation of the rich heritage of the Rajputs and superb architectural splendor. Some of the major forts are Amber fort in Jaipur, Sonar Kila in Jaisalmer, Chittorgarh fort in Chittorgarh, Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, and many more.
This fort is located at the town of Amber, 11 km from Jaipur. The construction of this fort started in 1592 by Raja Man Singh I and was completed by Sawai Jai Singh. From the outside the fort looks rugged, but once you get inside the fort, you will be spellbound by carvings, detailed mosaic works, and the scrupulous elaborate works of frescoes and murals. The architectural riches of the fort were designed based on Hindu and Mughal elements both. The delicate glass mirrors on the ceiling and walls reflect the rays of the sun over the entire premises. The Amber fort is constructed with white marble and red sandstone.
Set on an elevated plateau, this fort sprawls gloriously above the surrounding landscape. It is probably the greatest medieval fort in India. The fort was built between the 5th and 8th century by Chitrangad, a Mori Rajput ruler. The entrance of the Chittorgarh fort has seven huge gates, two towers known as Vijay Stambh and Kirti Stambh, and also several temples and palaces.
It was built by the Chauhans in the 8th century. This splendid fort is located in the Ranthambore National Park on top of a hill. There are so many attractions in the fort that time will pass away without your notice! There is no entry fee for the tourists since the fort is situated in the midst of a wildlife sanctuary. The fort spreads over an area of 7 km in circumference and among the notable attractions are the Hammir court, the Ganesh temple, Mahadeo Chhatri, Toran dwar, etc.
One of the largest forts in the world is the Jaisalmer Fort. It is located in Jaisalmer city in Rajasthan. It was built by Rawal Jaisal, a Rajput ruler, in 1156 AD. The huge yellow sandstone walls are a yellowish brown color during the day, and as the sun sets, the color fades to honey-gold. For this reason, it is also known as the Golden Fort or Sonar Kila. The major attractions in the fort are Raj Mahal, four massive gateways, seven Jain temples and the Laxminath temple.
Being one of the largest forts in India, the Mehrangarh fort is situated 400 feet above the city of Jodhpur and is surrounded by magnificent thick walls. The museum in this fort is one of the most popular museums in Rajasthan. The museum depicts the rich heritage of the Rathores who ruled in Jodhpur. Several great instances of architecture and craft found within this fort are Phool Mahal, Moti Mahal, Sheesha Mahal, Daulat Khana and Sileh Khana.
The glory of Rajasthan is well conserved in the majestic forts and palaces. These forts have withstood many obstacles and they still stand unshakable in the midst of all adversities and are now open to the tourists who come here in huge numbers to see a magnificent presentation of the rich heritage of the valiant Rajputs and the splendid architecture. When you plan to visit India, you need to obtain the Indian visa prior to your arrival. The visa is an endorsement or stamp placed by the Indian officials on a passport which will allow the bearer to visit India.